Polycystic Kidney Disease
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is most often an inherited disorder. You are at high risk of PKD if either your mother or father has or had PKD. It is a chronic condition that causes multiple cysts to grow in the kidneys and replace normal kidney tissue. A cyst is a fluid filled pouch that can form in the kidney and continue to expand over time. As the disorder progresses patients can develop hypertension, pain over the kidneys, or kidney stones. Once PKD progresses into its more severe form it can cause kidney failure.
The goals of treatment in PKD is to manage symptoms associated with PKD when they occur and manage kidney disease if it develops. As of now there is no treatment to stop the progression of PKD but ongoing research continues. In late stages of PKD dialysis or renal transplant may be needed as the kidney function continues to decline.